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Deities

City Goddesses/Tyches
Caesarea, Cappadocia - Claudius
Claudius Obv: KΛAYΔIOC KAICAP
Laureate head right.
Rev: ETOYC KAICAPEΩN Γ
(Dated year 3 of uncertain era).
Veiled and draped bust of Tyche right, wearing mural crown; date around.
(RPC 4084)
18mm / 3.7g
die axis 12:00
Ascalon, Judaea - Vespasian
Vespasian ΣEBAΣ[TOΣ]
Laureate head right.
AΣKAΛΩ
Tyche standing left on galley, holding scepter and aphlaston; altar on left and dove on right, B P below (= 78/9 AD).
(SNG ANS 6 - 693)
(Although portrait appears to be that of Domitian, the legend is attributed to Vespasian)
22 mm / 9.4 g
die axis 12:00
Gadara, Syria - Titus
Titus Obv: TITOC KACΣAP
Laureate head right.
Rev: ΓAΔAPA
Veiled and turreted bust of City-goddess right; before, L ZΛP (= Year 137 AD 73/74)
(GIC 780 / RPC 2097)
17mm / 3.7g
die axis 12:00
Titus Obv: TITOC [KAICAP]
Laureate head right.
Rev: [ΓAΔAPA]
Veiled and turreted bust of City-goddess right; before, L EΛP (= Year 135 of Pompeian Era = AD 71/72)
(GIC 780v / RPC 2095)
15mm / 3.6g
die axis 6:00
Philadelphia, Syria - Titus
Titus Obv: [AVTOKPATΩP TITOC KAICAP]
Laureate bust right. (Male bust in round countermark).
Rev: [ΦAIΛAΔEΛΦEΩN]
Turreted bust of City-goddess right; before, [L ΓMP] (= Year 143 of Pompeian Era = AD 80/81)
(RPC 2107)
23mm / 10.9g
die axis 11:00
Antiochia ad Orontem, Syria - Trajan
Trajan (Silver Tetradrachm)
Obv: AVTOKP KAIC NEP TRAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ΔAK
Laureate head right, supported by eagle standing right, club behind.
Rev: ΔHMAPX EΞ IE YΠAT E
(Dated 110-111 AD)
City-goddess seated right on rock, holding ears of corn, river-god swimming at her feet.
(SGI 1089s)
24 mm /13.9 g (4mm thick)
die axis 6:00
Laodiceia ad Mare, Syria - Trajan
Trajan Obv: [--TPAI]ANOC APICT KAIC CEB ΓEP ΔAK ΠAP
Laureate head right.
Rev: IOVΛIEΩN TΩN KAI ΛAOΔIKEΩN BΞP
Veiled and turreted bust of City-goddess right. Monogram in fieldto right.
(GIC 1080)
26mm / 10.6g
die axis 12:00
Ascalon, Judaea - Trajan
Trajan Obv:CEBACTOC
Laureate head right.
Rev:ACKAΛΩ
Tyche standing left on prow, holding standard and aphlaston; altar in field to left; to right, dove and EIC (= year 215 of the Era of Ascalon = A.D. 111/12).
(GIC 1093)
24mm / 12.8g
die axis 12:00
Trajan Obv: CEBACTOC
Laureate head right.
Rev: ACKAΛΩ
Tyche standing left on prow, holding standard and aphlaston; altarin field to left; to right, dove and EIC (= year 215 of the Era of Ascalon= A.D. 111/12).
(GIC 1093)
23mm / 11.3g
die axis 2:00
Ascalon, Judaea - Hadrian
Hadrian Obv: CEBACTOC
Laureate head right.
Rev: ACKAΛΩ
Tyche standing left on prow, holding standard and aphlaston, to left: incense altar, to right: dove standing left above AKC ( = Year 221 of Ascalon / 117-118 CE)
(?)
22mm / 10.4g
die axis 12:00
Hadrian Obv: CEBACTOC
Laureate head right.
Rev: ACKAΛΩ
Tyche standing left on prow, holding standard and aphlaston, to left: incense altar, to right: dove standing left above AKC ( = Year 221 of Ascalon / 117-118 CE)
(?)
22mm / 10.4g
die axis 12:00
Philippopolis, Thrace - Septimius Severus
Septimius Obv: AV.K.Λ. CEVHPOC
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEITΩN
Draped bust of Tyche right.
(?)
19mm / 4.4g
die axis 6:00
Nicopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior - Diadumenian
Diadumenian Obv: [K M] OΠΠEΛ ANTΩNI ΔIAΔOVM[ENIANOC]
Bare head right.
Rev: VΠ AΓPIΠΠA NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC ICTP
City-goddess seated left, turreted, holding patera & scepter.
(AMNG 1795)
27 mm / 11.9g
die axis 12:00
Antiochia ad Orontem, Syria - Elagabalus
Elagabalus Obv: [AVT K M AVP] ANTΩNIN[OC]
Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
Rev: SC ΔE in fields
Tyche of Antioch seated right on rock, River-god Orontes to right at her feet.
(BMC 463)
32mm / 18.8g
die axis 11:00
Amphipolis, Macedonia - Severus Alexander
Severus Obv: AV K M [CE] AΛEZANΔPOC
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN
City-goddess seated left, wearing kalathos and holding patera. Large fish in exergue.
(GIC 3261)
22mm / 5.4g
die axis 1:00
Antiochia ad Orontem, Syria - Severus Alexander
Severus Obv: AV KAI M APA CE AΛEΞANΔPOC C
Laureate head right.
Rev: ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛ
Veiled and turreted bust of City-goddess right, ram running right above, star beneath; in field Δ-E / S-C
(GIC 3368)
32mm / 13.6g
die axis 6:00
Severus Obv:AVT KAI M AV CE AΛEΞANΔPOC
Rev: ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOA
City-goddess, wearing turreted crown, veil, mantle, seated left on rock, river-god swimming below; in field, Δ-E / S-C.
(BMC 470)
31mm / 22.1g
die axis 5:00
Severus Obv: MAP K AVPHΛIOC AΛEΞΔPOC K CE
Bare head right.
Rev: ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛ
City-goddess, wearing turreted crown, veil, mantle, seated left on rock, river-god swimming below; in field, * Δ-E / S-C
(Butcher 482b (Paris 701) -Variant)
25mm / 7.75g
die axis 7:00
Edessa, Mesopotamia - Gordian III
Gordian Obv: AVTOK K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC CEB
Draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: M[HT KOΛ EΔ]ECCHNWN
Veiled and turreted bust of City-goddess left; before, small altar and pedestal surmounted by figure of Aquarius, holding water-skin over shoulder.
(GIC 3789)
28x30mm / 16.85g
die axis 4:00
Nisibis, Mesopotamia - Gordian III
Gordian Obv:AVTOC K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC CE
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CEΠ KOA [NECIBI MHT]
Turreted and draped bust of City-goddess right.
(GIC 3790v)
25mm / 17.6g
die axis 11:00
Nisibis, Mesopotamia - Philip I
Philip Obv: AVTOK K M IOVΛI ΦIΛIΠΠ[OC CEB]
Philip's laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
Rev: IOV CEΠ KOΛΩ NECIBI MHT
Tetrastyle temple, with central arch, containing City-goddess seated facing; sign of Aries above her head, river-god swimming at her feet.
(GIC 3970v)
25mm / 11.8g
die axis 5:00
Antiochia ad Orontem, Syria - Philip II
Philip Obv: AVTOK IOVΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC KAICAP
Draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO [KOΛΩN]
Veiled and turreted bust of City-goddess right, ram running right above, star beneath; in field Δ-E / S-C
(GIC 4147v)
(Minted AD 247-249)
30mm / 15.6g
die axis 6:00
Philip Obv: MAP IOVΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC KAI[ ]
Bare head right.
Rev: ANTIOXEΩN [MHPO] KOΛΩ
Veiled and turreted bust of City Goddess right; above, ram leaping right, head left; star below. Δ-E./ S-C in field.
(SNG Cop-277)
30mm / 18.5g
die axis 6:00
Edessa, Mesopotamia - Trajan Decius
Trajan Obv: [ ]ΔEKIC CEB
Laureate head right.
Rev: KOΛ E[ΔECCA]
Turreted and draped Tyche left with altar before.
(GICV 4214)
18mm / 4.2g
die axis 12:00
Antiochia ad Orontem, Syria - Herennius Etruscus
Herennius Obv: EPENN ETPOY ME KV ΔEKIOC KECAP
Bare-headed & draped bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN
Tetrastyle shrine, with City-goddess seated facing on rock, river god Orontes swimming at her feet; above shrine, ram running right; Δ-E in fields; SC in exergue.
(BMC 623)
30 mm / 18.55g
die axis 6:00
Caesarea Maritima, Samaria - Hostilian
Hostilian Obv:HOSTILIANO QVINTO C
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev:COL P F AV F C CAES METRO P
Turreted bust of City-goddess left.
(SGI 4303v)
20mm / 6.6g
die axis 1:00
Antiochia ad Orontem, Syria - Trebonianus Gallus
Trebonianus Obv: AVTOK K Γ OVIB TPEB ΓAΛΛOC CEB
Laureate and draped bust right.
Rev: ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN.
Tetrastyle shrine, with City-goddess seated facing on rock, river god Orontes swimming at her feet; above shrine, ram running right; Δ-E in fields; SC in exergue.
(GIC 4350)
30mm / 20.3g
die axis 6:00
Trebonianus Obv: AVTOK K Γ OVIB TPEB [ΓAΛΛOC CEB]
Laureate and draped bust right.
Rev: [ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN]
Tetrastyle shrine, with City-goddess seated facing on rock, river god Orontes swimming at her feet; above shrine, ram running right; Δ-E in fields; SC in exergue.
(GIC 4350)
28mm / 14.6g
die axis 5:00
Thessalonica, Macedonia - Pseudo-Autonomous
Pseudo-Autonomous Obv:ΘECCAΛ[ONIKH]
Veiled and turreted head of City-Goddess right
Rev: ΘEC / CAΛO / NIKE / ΩN
Four lines within laurel wreath.
(Moushmov 6616)
18 mm / 2.7g
die axis 12:00
Nicopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior - Pseudo-Autonomous
Pseudo-Autonomous Obv: (no legend)
City-goddess, bust right, winged, turreted.
Rev:ΠPOC I/CTPΩN
Legend only
(?)
14mm / 2.0g
die axis 12:00
possible die link on Wildwinds
Tyre, Phoenicia - Pseudo-Autonomous
Pseudo-Autonomous Obv: Turreted & veiled bust of Tyche right; palm behind, murex-shell before.
Rev: EΞΣ [TYP.IEPAΣ] / MHTPOΓO / ΛEWΣ
Phoenician galley sailing left.
(SGI 5212)
20 mm / 7.7 g
die axis 12:00
Antiochia ad Orontem, Syria - Pseudo-Autonomous
Pseudo-Autonomous Obv: ANTIOXEΩN
Veiled, turreted and draped bust of city-goddess right.
Rev: Garlanded altar.
ET ZKP in exergue.
(Year 126 = AD 77/78).
(RPC II 2020)
19 mm / 4.54g
die axis 12:00
Alexandria Troas, Troas - Pseudo-Autonomous
Pseudo-Autonomous Obv: COL TRO[A]
Turreted and draped bust of Tyche right; vexillum behind.
Rev: CO[L] AV[G] TRO
Eagle flying right, with bull's head in talons.
(Bellinger A490 )
21 mm / 5.83g
die axis 12:00
Smyrna, Ionia - Pseudo-Autonomous
Pseudo-Autonomous Obv: CMVPNA
Turrreted city-goddess (Amazon Smyrna) left, double-axe over right shoulder.
Rev: CMVPNAΩN
Prow of galley right.
(SNG Copenhagen 1266, SNG Von Aulock 2181)
19mm / 3.49g
die axis 12:00
Laodiceia ad Mare, Syria - Antoninus Pius
Antoninus Obv: [ΑΥΤΟ ΚΑ ΤΙ ΑΙ Α]ΔI ΑΝΤΩΝΕΙΝΟΝ [ΣΕ]
Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
(Countermark of Pius on neck - Howgego 113)
Rev: ΙΟΥΛΙΕΩΝ ΤΩΝ ΚΑΙ ΛΑΟΔΙΚΕΩΝ ΘΕΟ ϞΡ
Turreted and draped bust of city-goddess left; wearing bunch of grapes.
(Year 190 = AD 142/3)
(SNG II, no. 3204)
24mm / 8.38g
die axis 1:00
Maeonia, Lydia - Nero
Nero Obv: NEPΩN KAIΣAP
Laureate head right.
Rev: MAIONΩN MENEKPATOYΣ
EΠ / TI / KΛ in fields
Veiled Goddess standing right, holding scepter.
(RPC 3011 / SNG von Aulock 3016)
18 mm / 3.2g
die axis 12:00
Thessalonica, Macedonia - Pseudo-Autonomous
Pseudo-Autonomous Obv: ΘΕCCΑΛΟ ΝΙΚΗC
Turretted and veiled head of city-goddess right.
Rev: KABEIPOC
Kabeiros standing left, holding rhyton and mallet.
(Lindgren II - 1176 / SGI 4820)
Comment: An interesting quasi-autonomous type of Thessalonika, with the scarce appearance, in both image and written name, of Kabeiros. Though apparently of Phrygian origin, this deity (or deities, as sometimes there were two or more instances of the Kabeiri) had their cult spread througout the ancient world, with numismatic appearances as far west as the Balearic islands. While in the latter case the facing, squatting Kabeiros holds a hammer and snake, here he is shown with a hammer and rhyton (drinking horn ending in animal's head).
21mm / 5.83g
die axis 2:00
Edessa, Mesopotamia - Severus Alexander
Severus Obv: [ΑVK MA CE] ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟ[C]
Laureate bust right.
Rev: [ ]
Tyche of the City seated left on rocks,extending uncertain item? River-god swimming left at her feet.
()
23mm / 8.24g
die axis 7:00
Caesarea ad Libanum, Phoenicia - Severus Alexander
Severus Obv: ΑVR ALEΞΖ
Radiate bust right.
Rev: ΤΥR
Tetrastyle temple, with pediment, central arch and wings; in central shrine, Astarte stands facing and is crowed by male figure on her left; in each wing stands female deity with raised hands. River god swims below.
(Lindgren 2288)
23mm / 9.68g
die axis 7:00